Apache

 
 
Apache is a powerful and flexible HTTP/1.1 compliant web server. Originally designed as a replacement for the NCSA HTTP Server, it has grown to be the most popular web server on the Internet. As a project of the Apache Software Foundation, the developers aim to collaboratively develop and maintain a robust, commercial-grade, standards-based server with freely available source code.

The Apache HTTP Server is distributed at no charge for commercial or non-commercial use. For more information read the LICENSE.txt file.

Apache can be used with Microsoft Windows. The Apache HTTP Server Version 2.0 runs under Windows NT, Windows 2000 and Windows XP. You should download the version of Apache for Windows with the .msi extension. This is a single Microsoft Installer file containing Apache, ready to install and run.

The latest Apache HTTP Server version can be downloaded from: http://httpd.apache.org/
The latest Apache 1.3 documentation can be found at: http://httpd.apache.org/docs/1.3/
The latest Apache 2.0 documentation can be found at: http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/
The latest Apache 2.2 documentation can be found at: http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/

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Create custom error pages.



Information
When you click on a link and the page is not found, the visitor will see a Not Found message.

The Apache ErrorDocument directive can be used to point the server to a customized file to send in place of the builtin error message.

Operating system used
Windows XP Home Edition Version 5.1 SP 2

Software prerequisites
Apache 2


Procedure
  1. Create directory "error" in your docroot, e.g.: c:/mobilefish_web/error

  2. Create the following files in this directory:

    Filename Remark
    401.htm Authorization Required
    403.htm Forbidden
    404.htm Not Found
    500.htm Server Error


  3. Create in your docroot a file called .htaccess (you must put a period in front of the filename), e.g.: c:/mobilefish_web/.htaccess



  4. The .htaccess file contains the following lines (of course you must put in your own domain name):

    ErrorDocument 401 /error/401.htm
    ErrorDocument 403 http://www.mobilefish.com/error/403.htm
    ErrorDocument 404 http://www.mobilefish.com/error/404.htm
    ErrorDocument 500 http://www.mobilefish.com/error/500.htm


    Note:
    If you use

    ErrorDocument 401 http://www.mobilefish.com/error/401.htm

    The Apache error.log will show the following log message:

    cannot use a full URL in a 401 ErrorDocument directive --- ignoring!

    This problem occurs in Apache 1.3.34. In Apache 2.0.49 this problem does not occur.

  5. Set directive AllowOverride All in the httpd.conf. When this directive is set to All, then .htaccess files are NOT ignored.

    Here below an example:

    <VirtualHost 192.168.1.100:80>
       ServerAdmin [email protected]
       DocumentRoot c:/mobilefish_web
       ServerName www.mobilefish.com
       ErrorLog logs/www.mobilefish.com-error_log
       #TransferLog logs/www.mobilefish.com-access_log
       CustomLog "|c:/weblogs/rotatelogs.exe c:/weblogs/
                www.mobilefish.com-access_%y%m%d.log 86400" combined
       <Directory "c:/mobilefish_web">
           Options +Includes
           AddType text/html shtm
           AddOutputFilter Includes shtm
           AllowOverride All
        </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>


  6. Restart Apache and try to access a non existing page.